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Contains:  M 50, NGC 2323
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Messier 50 in LRGB, 





    
        

            Lawrence E. Hazel
Messier 50 in LRGB

Messier 50 in LRGB

Technical card

Resolution: 1845x2266

Dates:Feb. 10, 2019

Frames: 24x600"

Integration: 4.0 hours

Avg. Moon age: 5.06 days

Avg. Moon phase: 26.31%

Astrometry.net job: 2629365

RA center: 105.591 degrees

DEC center: -8.536 degrees

Pixel scale: 1.983 arcsec/pixel

Orientation: 354.812 degrees

Field radius: 0.805 degrees

Locations: my backyard, Lake Placid, Florida, United States

Data source: Backyard

Description

Messier 50 (M50), nicknamed the Heart-Shaped Cluster, is a large, bright open cluster located in the constellation Monoceros.

The cluster has an apparent magnitude of 5.9 and lies at an approximate distance of 3,200 light years from Earth. It has the designation NGC 2323 in the New General Catalogue.
Messier 50 lies to the east of Orion, near the border between Monoceros and Canis Major constellation. It occupies an area about half the size of the full Moon and is relatively easy to find because it is located 9.5 degrees north-northeast of Sirius, the brightest star in the sky.
M50 can be found about 20 degrees along the line formed by the three bright stars of Orion’s Belt. It can be found about two fifths of the way from Sirius to Procyon, the brightest star in Canis Minor constellation and eighth brightest star in the sky.
At least two or three relatively bright stars in M50 can be resolved in binoculars, while small telescopes reveal the cluster’s distinctive heart-shaped figure. 6-inch and 8-inch telescopes show at least 40 of the cluster’s blue-white stars, as well as some yellow and orange stars. The best time of year to observe M50 is in the months of December, January and February. John Herschel catalogued M50 as h 425 and later included it in the General Catalogue as GC 1483. After observing the cluster on February 13, 1826, he noted, “Rich; compressed; fills field; stars of 10th to 15th magnitude; place [given is that] of a star of 10th magnitude in the middle – a fine cluster.”
Admiral William Henry Smyth observed the cluster in April 1833 and wrote:
A delicate and close double star in a cluster of the Via Lactea [Milky Way], on the Unicorn‘s right shoulder. A [mag] 8 and B 13, both pale white. This is an irregularly round and very rich mass, occupying with its numerous outliers more than the field, and composed of stars from the 8th to the 16th magnitudes; and there are certain spots of splendour which indicate minute masses beyond the power of my telescope. The most decided points are, a red star towards the southern verge, and a pretty little equilateral triangle of 10th magnitude stars, just below, or north of it. This superb object was discovered by Messier in 1771 [actually 1772], and registered “a mass of small stars more or less brilliant.” It is 9deg north-north-east of Sirius, and rather more than one-third of the distance between that star and Procyon.
from Wikipedia

A small reflection nebula,VdB 87a, is visible at the lower right corner of the frame.

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HazelLE
Lawrence E. Hazel
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Messier 50 in LRGB, 





    
        

            Lawrence E. Hazel