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Contains:  Andromeda Galaxy, M 110, M 31, M 32, NGC 205, NGC 221, NGC 224, The star 32And
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Messier 31, 


            James Schrader
Messier 31
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Messier 31

Technical card

Imaging telescopes or lenses: Explore Scientific 80mm ED TRIPLET APO ES80ED

Imaging cameras: Canon 450D EOS 450D / Digital Rebel XSi

Mounts: Orion Atlas EQ-G

Software: Pisinsight 1.8  ·  Binary Rivers Backyard EOS

Accessory: TeleVue TRF2008 x0.8

Dates:Nov. 11, 2015

Frames: 110x360"

Integration: 11.0 hours

Avg. Moon age: 29.31 days

Avg. Moon phase: 0.05%

Basic astrometry details job: 3642507

RA center: 0h 42' 45"

DEC center: +41° 7' 30"

Pixel scale: 2.813 arcsec/pixel

Orientation: 272.500 degrees

Field radius: 1.987 degrees

Resolution: 4236x2814

Locations: Home (Front Yard), Jefferson City, MO, United States

Data source: Backyard


The Andromeda Galaxy is a spiral galaxy located 2.5 million light years away in the constellation of Andromeda. It is the largest member of the Local Group, containing approximately 1 trillion stars. This image was captured over six nights from my home observatory at Lake of the Ozarks in Missouri.


110 x 360 seconds, ISO 800 (11 hours total exposure time)

181 darks, 100 flats, 300 bias

Gear: Canon 450D (full-spectrum modified), Explore Scientific ES80ED 80mm Apochromatic Triplet @ f/4.9 384mm, Televue 0.8X Reducer/Flattener, Hutech LPS D1, Orion Atlas EQ-G, Orion SSAG/50mm

Acquisition: Backyard EOS, EQMOD, Cartes du Ciel, PHD2

Processed in Pixinsight 1.8



James Schrader
License: None (All rights reserved)

Sky plot

Sky plot


Messier 31, 


            James Schrader