Hemisphere:  Northern  ·  Constellation: Andromeda (And)  ·  Contains:  Andromeda galaxy  ·  Great Nebula in Andromeda  ·  M 110  ·  M 31  ·  M 32  ·  M110  ·  M31  ·  M32  ·  NGC 205  ·  NGC 221  ·  NGC 224  ·  NGC206
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The Andromeda Galaxy, 



    
        

            Gabe Shaughnessy
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The Andromeda Galaxy

Getting plate-solving status, please wait...
The Andromeda Galaxy, 



    
        

            Gabe Shaughnessy
Powered byPixInsight

The Andromeda Galaxy

Imaging telescopes or lenses: TMB Optical TMB92SS

Imaging cameras: QSI 683wsg-8

Mounts: Astro-Physics Mach1AP GTO CP4

Guiding telescopes or lenses: TMB Optical TMB92SS

Guiding cameras: Starlight Xpress Ultrastar

Focal reducers: TeleVue TRF-2008 0.8x

Software: Seqence Generator Pro  ·  PixInsight

Filters: Astrodon Luminance E-Series Gen 2  ·  Astrodon LRGB CCD Imaging Filters (E-Series), Gen2


Dates:Aug. 3, 2016Aug. 5, 2016Aug. 6, 2016Aug. 7, 2016

Frames:
Astrodon LRGB CCD Imaging Filters (E-Series), Gen2: 56x300" (4h 40') bin 1x1
Astrodon Luminance E-Series Gen 2: 33x300" (2h 45') bin 1x1

Integration: 7h 25'

Avg. Moon age: 2.81 days

Avg. Moon phase: 10.59%

Bortle Dark-Sky Scale: 5.00


Astrometry.net job: 1188868

RA center: 0h 42' 52"

DEC center: +41° 15' 7"

Pixel scale: 2.730 arcsec/pixel

Orientation: 90.657 degrees

Field radius: 1.910 degrees


Resolution: 4066x2971

Data source: Backyard

Description

The Andromeda Galaxy, M31, is a spiral galaxy nearly 2.5 million light years away in the constellation Andromeda. It is the closest non-satellite galaxy of our host galaxy, the Milky Way, and is nearly twice as massive at 1.5 trillion solar masses. It is visible with the naked eye from moderately dark skies, and is about 6x2 lunar diameters in apparent size.

The Milky Way and M31 are moving towards each other at 225 km/s (504000mph) and are expected to collide in 3-4 billion years. While the odds of stellar collisions are incredibly small due to the large inter-stellar separation, the ambient hydrogen gas will be compressed. The result is a significant increase in stellar formation. For comparison, the Milky Way is estimated to produce roughly 2 stars per year, and galaxy mergers of medium to large size such as this future collision can produce 100-1000 stars per year.

Eventually, the supermassive black holes that reside in the core of our galaxies will inspiral and find each other, resulting in a massive collision. The energy radiated away during such a collision is truly incredible. The first observation of a black hole collision by LIGO determined that the two black holes, of mass 36 and 29 solar masses, radiated a total of 3 solar masses of gravitational energy. This is equivalent to the entire world's energy production expended once a nanosecond for 6 years, and expended again for each and every human on earth. Instead of 6 years though, the black hole merger expended a bulk of this energy in 0.1 seconds. Now, the estimated mass of the Milky Way's black hole is 4.3 million, the Andromeda's mass is 40 million solar masses.

This image is a mosaic of two panels with the TMB92SS and QSI683.

Comments

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  • The Andromeda Galaxy, 



    
        

            Gabe Shaughnessy
    Original
  • Final
    The Andromeda Galaxy, 



    
        

            Gabe Shaughnessy
    B

Sky plot

Sky plot

Histogram

The Andromeda Galaxy, 



    
        

            Gabe Shaughnessy