Hemisphere:  Northern  ·  Constellation: Vulpecula (Vul)  ·  Contains:  Dumbbell nebula  ·  M 27  ·  M27  ·  NGC 6853  ·  PK060-03.1

Image of the day 07/24/2019

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    The Dumbbell Nebula (Messier 27), 



    
        

            Luca Marinelli
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    The Dumbbell Nebula (Messier 27)

    Imaging telescopes or lenses: Teleskop Service ONTC 10" f4 Newton

    Imaging cameras: Starlight Xpress Trius SX-814 mono

    Mounts: Astro-Physics Mach-1 GTO CP4

    Guiding telescopes or lenses: Teleskop Service ONTC 10" f4 Newton

    Guiding cameras: Starlight Xpress Ultrastar Mono

    Software: Photoshop CC  ·  PIXINSIGHT 1.8  ·  Seqence Generator Pro  ·  PHD2 Guiding PHD2 v2.6.5

    Filters: Astrodon Narrowband 3nm Ha  ·  Astrodon Tru-Balance Gen2 E-Series - B 36mm  ·  Astrodon Tru-Balance Gen2 E-Series - G 36mm  ·  Astrodon Tru-Balance Gen2 E-Series - R 36mm  ·  Astrodon Narrowband 3nm OIII

    Accessory: Tele Vue Paracorr Type 2  ·  QHYCCD QHYCFW3-M


    Dates:July 7, 2019July 8, 2019July 9, 2019July 10, 2019July 11, 2019

    Frames:
    Astrodon Tru-Balance Gen2 E-Series - B 36mm: 40x45" -20C bin 1x1
    Astrodon Tru-Balance Gen2 E-Series - G 36mm: 40x45" -20C bin 1x1
    Astrodon Tru-Balance Gen2 E-Series - R 36mm: 40x45" -20C bin 1x1
    Astrodon Narrowband 3nm Ha: 39x900" -20C bin 1x1
    Astrodon Narrowband 3nm OIII: 31x900" -20C bin 1x1

    Integration: 19.0 hours

    Darks: ~50

    Flats: ~20

    Bias: ~100

    Avg. Moon age: 7.41 days

    Avg. Moon phase: 50.33%

    Bortle Dark-Sky Scale: 5.00


    Astrometry.net job: 2791873

    RA center: 19h 59' 35"

    DEC center: +22° 42' 49"

    Pixel scale: 0.669 arcsec/pixel

    Orientation: -179.166 degrees

    Field radius: 0.377 degrees


    Resolution: 3180x2524

    Locations: Home Observatory, Schenectady, New York, United States

    Data source: Backyard

    Description

    The Dumbbell Nebula (NGC 6853, Messier 27) was the first planetary nebula to be discovered. Charles Messier first identified it in 1764 and due to its brightness (magnitude 7.5) and size (8 arc-min) is a popular visual target. M27 is approximately 1,300 light-years from Earth in the constellation Vulpecula and is estimated to be roughly 10,000 years old.

    Planetary nebulas are the result of the shedding of outer layers from a low-mass red giant as it ends its life. At the center of the gas cloud of the planetary nebula is a white dwarf, the incredibly dense leftover core of the original red giant with no nuclear activity left having burned off all nuclear fuel. The white dwarf in M27 is estimated to have a radius of roughly 0.055 solar radii and a mass of 0.56 solar masses.

    My data presented here was acquired over four nights with unusually good seeing for the Northeastern USA. The integrated Ha and OIII masters had a FWHM of ~2.4 arc-sec, prior to any deconvolution. In spite of the bright RGB signal of this object, I chose to acquire narrowband Ha and OIII channels to highlight the structure in the central region of the planetary nebula and the fainter outer rings. In the central region a few of the larger cometary knots (dark structures with cusped tails) can be resolved.

    To enhance the presentation, I replaced star color with RGB data.

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    The Dumbbell Nebula (Messier 27), 



    
        

            Luca Marinelli