Contains: NGC 4477, NGC 4476, NGC 4474, NGC 4473, NGC 4461, NGC 4459, NGC 4458, NGC 4452, NGC 4440, NGC 4438, NGC 4436, The Eyes, NGC 4435, NGC 4431, NGC 4425, NGC 4413, M 86, NGC 4406, NGC 4402, NGC 4388, NGC 4387, IC 3311, M 84, NGC 4374, NGC 4371, NGC 4351
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Markarian's Chain

Technical card

Resolution: 4659x2812

Dates: July 8, 2013

Frames: 24x300"

Integration: 2.0 hours

Avg. Moon age: 0.19 days

Avg. Moon phase: 0.04% job: 93172

RA center: 186.760 degrees

DEC center: 12.868 degrees

Pixel scale: 2.012 arcsec/pixel

Orientation: -88.984 degrees

Field radius: 1.520 degrees

Locations: Pousada dos Anões, Alto Paraíso de Goiás, Goiás, Brazil


Markarian's Chain is a stretch of galaxies that forms part of the Virgo Cluster. It is called a chain because, when viewed from Earth, the galaxies lie along a smoothly curved line. It was named after the Armenian astrophysicist, B. E. Markarian, who discovered their common motion in the early 1960s. Member galaxies include M84 (NGC 4374), M86 (NGC 4406), NGC 4477, NGC 4473, NGC 4461, NGC 4458, NGC 4438 and NGC 4435. It's located at RA 12h 27m and Dec +13° 10′.
At least seven galaxies in the chain appear to move coherently, although others appear to be superposed by chance. (Wikipedia)



Wellerson Lopes

Sky plot

Sky plot


Markarian's Chain, 


        Wellerson Lopes

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