Hemisphere:  Northern  ·  Constellation: Perseus (Per)  ·  Contains:  38 omi Per  ·  42 n Per  ·  44 zet Per  ·  Atik  ·  B1  ·  B2  ·  B203  ·  B205  ·  B3  ·  B4  ·  B5  ·  IC 348  ·  NGC 1333  ·  NGC 1465  ·  PGC13025  ·  PGC13026  ·  PGC13987  ·  PGC14033  ·  PGC14034  ·  PGC1921731  ·  PGC1926831  ·  PGC1930564  ·  PGC1931819  ·  PGC1933873  ·  PGC1963647  ·  PGC1964449  ·  PGC1966181  ·  PGC1966463  ·  PGC1967364  ·  PGC1968130  ·  And 63 more.

Image of the day 04/07/2021

Getting plate-solving status, please wait...
    Perseus molecular cloud, 


            Steed Yu
    Powered byPixInsight

    Perseus molecular cloud

    Image of the day 04/07/2021

    Getting plate-solving status, please wait...
      Perseus molecular cloud, 


            Steed Yu
      Powered byPixInsight

      Perseus molecular cloud

      Imaging telescopes or lenses: SharpStar 15028HNT

      Imaging cameras: QHYCCD QHY268C

      Mounts: iOptron CEM 70  ·  iOptron CEM 60

      Guiding telescopes or lenses: SharpStar 15028HNT

      Guiding cameras: QHY5L-II-M

      Software: Pleiades Astrophoto S.L. PixInsight 1.8.8 Ripley  ·  Adobe Photoshop 2020  ·  Astro Photography Tool - APT APT - Astro Photography Tool v3.63

      Filters: Optolong 2" UV/IR Cut

      Dates:Oct. 18, 2020Oct. 19, 2020Oct. 20, 2020Oct. 23, 2020Oct. 24, 2020Oct. 27, 2020Oct. 28, 2020Oct. 30, 2020Nov. 8, 2020Nov. 9, 2020Nov. 10, 2020Nov. 11, 2020Nov. 12, 2020Nov. 13, 2020Nov. 14, 2020Nov. 15, 2020Nov. 16, 2020Jan. 4, 2021Jan. 6, 2021Jan. 8, 2021Jan. 9, 2021Jan. 12, 2021Jan. 15, 2021Jan. 16, 2021Jan. 17, 2021Jan. 30, 2021Feb. 1, 2021Feb. 2, 2021Feb. 3, 2021Feb. 4, 2021Feb. 5, 2021Feb. 7, 2021

      Optolong 2" UV/IR Cut: 137x1000" (38h 3' 20") (gain: 0.00) -45C bin 1x1
      Optolong 2" UV/IR Cut: 523x300" (43h 35') (gain: 56.00) -30C bin 1x1

      Integration: 81h 38' 20"

      Darks: 100

      Flats: 40

      Flat darks: 40

      Bias: 100

      Avg. Moon age: 16.17 days

      Avg. Moon phase: 37.90%

      Bortle Dark-Sky Scale: 2.00

      Astrometry.net job: 4351161

      RA center: 3h 39' 17"

      DEC center: +32° 4' 16"

      Pixel scale: 0.629 arcsec/pixel

      Orientation: 88.689 degrees

      Field radius: 3.489 degrees

      Resolution: 5384x12449

      Locations: Milky Way Observatory, Naobuzi, Zhangjiakou, Hebei, China

      Data source: Own remote observatory

      Remote source: Non-commercial independent facility


      The Perseus molecular cloud, located at the junction of Taurus, Aries, and Perseus, about 1,000 light-years away from the Earth. It contains over 10,000 solar masses of gas and dust covering an area of 6 by 2 degrees, is the closest giant molecular cloud actively forming large numbers of low to intermediate-mass stars. Unlike the Orion molecular cloud, Perseus molecular cloud is almost invisible apart from two clusters, IC 348 and NGC 1333, where low-mass stars are formed.

      By accumulating a very-long-time of exposure, the dust and gas show up, exhibit a complex and chaotic structure consisting of dense cloud cores surrounded by an interconnected network of filaments and sheets. Many voids surrounded by partial arcs or nearly complete rings are also seen. This complicated structure is one possible signature of supersonic turbulence.

      The eastern (upper) end of the cloud is associated with IC 348 that contains several hundred young stars. Most of the star formation in IC 348 took place within the last 3 Myr, but some stars in this region formed 10 Myr ago. The apparent age spread in IC 348 may be an indication that two episodes of star formation have occurred. IC 348 appears to be an example of a region that is at or near the end of its star-forming phase.

      The western (lower) portion of the Perseus cloud contains the most active region of star formation in the Perseus molecular cloud, including the NGC 1333 cluster. It contains around 150 stars with a median age of a million years, is one of the most active sites of ongoing star formation in the sky within 1500 light-years of the Sun. The molecular ridge extending south (left) from NGC 1333 contains many Herbig–Haro objects, which are bright patches of nebulosity associated with newborn stars.

      Between IC 348 and NGC 1333, right in the middle of this photo, there is an area that appears pinky, which is a low-surface brightness HII region surrounded by a dust ring G159.6-18.5, which appears to lie behind the obscuration of the Perseus molecular cloud. The intense ultraviolet light emitted by the central star HD 278942 ionizes the surrounding hydrogen, giving this region its characteristic pink color. The star appears red in this photo and would have been a blue-white star if it were not obscured by dust. The presence of HD 278942 and its HII region suggests that that massive stars may have formed in the recent past within the Perseus molecular cloud.

      BTW, the cloud of dust, which obscures the central star and the HII region, is called the“Flying Ghost Nebula” because of its shape.

      The area to the west (lower) of the HII region looks relatively empty without too much dense dust, and particularly dark here because the extinction in this region remains high. Perhaps this dead-zone is the youngest portion of the Perseus molecular cloud, formed by the expansion of the dust ring G159.6-18.5.

      There are more areas full of dense dust to the south (left) of NGC 1333, see another photo I took if you are interested: https://www.astrobin.com/ggdhla/C/