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Contains:  NGC 5367

Image of the day 11/24/2019

Getting plate-solving status, please wait...
    NGC5367, 





    
        

            Stanislav Volskiy
    NGC5367

    NGC5367

    Technical card

    Resolution: 3794x3939

    Dates:Aug. 14, 2019

    Frames: 50x600"

    Integration: 8.3 hours

    Avg. Moon age: 13.85 days

    Avg. Moon phase: 99.06%

    Astrometry.net job: 3056624

    RA center: 209.696 degrees

    DEC center: -40.218 degrees

    Pixel scale: 0.961 arcsec/pixel

    Orientation: 359.772 degrees

    Field radius: 0.730 degrees

    Data source: Amateur hosting facility

    Remote source: ChileScope

    Description

    Hello everybody!!
    Anyone who has ever done a acquiring of deep sky images knows that how to select the subs is an important issue. I decided to share my experience with you by this small article. This summer (it`s winter in Chile) was not suitable for observation and the problem of selection was evident. I sorted out subs set by PixInsight and I used two tools: «Blink» and «SubframeSelector».
    The Blink tool permits to evaluate the quality of pictures by comparing them. There are auto and manual modes.
    Usually, I look through files twice. First, I take a look at it in the large scale to fit the picture with the window. After that, I look at it carefully to observe any small details in scale 1:1, 2:1.

    The process SubframeSelector is a powerful tool which has facilities of visual assessment far better than possibilities of Blink process. The SubframeSelector analyzes fields to show us statistics by tables and graphical forms. These forms include parameters such as FWHM, noise, index, etc.

    There is an option to delete failed shots manually, also you can make a formula that would accept or reject files.
    The program permits to assign the weight of frames, that based on user`s formula. Thereafter the weight could be taken into account at Image Integration. You can find here
    Weighting Expressions
    Weighting Expressions by David Ault. It helps to calculate the weight of sub-frames. There are 3 main parameters in the David`s formula: FWHM, Eccentricity (to determine the curvature of stars) and signal/noise Ratio.
    It means the frames with the smallest roundy stars and the high single/noise will give the biggest contribution to master sum.
    Is it possible to use a one criterion for overall image? Is there a better way? The most important criterion for stars and bright parts of nebulas are the shape and sharpness (FWHM, Eccentricity), the main criterion for peripherals and background is the signal/noise Ratio.
    I figured out following way: I made two sums. The first one (All-sum)contains all frames (without frames that obviously have defects). The second (Best-sum) - includes the best frames of FWHM and Eccentricity.
    After that I combine sums by star mask and range mask. The selection of frames for stars and bright parts of nebulas has been made from the Best-sum, and All-sum for the remaining part of image. For this, I created the star mask and range mask using Photoshop, and then combine them by the Lighten overlay method. The example of this kind of mask is given below. The mask shows us the stars and bright parts of nebula.


    Pic 1. The combined range and star mask

    Before combining the sums, it would be better to bring them into full compliance using the LocalNormalization tool. I`d chosen the Best-sum as a Reference image, after that I applied tool to All-sum.


    Pic 2. The LocalNormalization process

    Onwards I combine the All-sum and the Best-sum in PixInsight by using PixelMath.


    Pic. 3. The PixelMath formula for combination two pictures my mask

    The final sum is completed. The combination of sums combines the advantages of both sums.

    Comments

    Author

    StanislavVolskiy
    Stanislav Volskiy
    License: None (All rights reserved)
    120129
    Like

    Revisions

    • Final
      NGC5367, 





    
        

            Stanislav Volskiy
      Original
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            Stanislav Volskiy
      B
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            Stanislav Volskiy
      D
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            Stanislav Volskiy
      E

    B

    Pic 1. The combined range and star mask

    D

    Pic 2. LocalNormalization process

    E

    Pic 3. The PixelMath formula for combination two pictures my mask

    Sky plot

    Sky plot

    Histogram

    NGC5367, 





    
        

            Stanislav Volskiy

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