Gary Imm

GaryI

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A backyard amateur astrophotographer enjoying retirement with my wife on beautiful Lake Livingston in Onalaska, Texas, about 90 minutes north of Houston.

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A closed outer ring is usually twice the size of the bar. Closed means looking like a "O", with a void area along the circumference of the inner and outer edges. Rare cases of double outer ring galaxies occur, where two detached outer rings are seen.