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Contains:  M 31, Great Nebula in Andromeda, NGC 224, M 32, NGC 221, M 110, NGC 205
Getting plate-solving status, please wait...
Andromeda Galaxy - M31 - DSLR, 


            Thomas Richter
Andromeda Galaxy - M31 - DSLR

Andromeda Galaxy - M31 - DSLR

Technical card

Resolution: 4290x2856

Dates:Oct. 13, 2018

Frames: 51x300" ISO800

Integration: 4.2 hours

Flats: ~27

Bias: ~51

Avg. Moon age: 4.41 days

Avg. Moon phase: 20.46% job: 2366186

RA center: 0h 42' 49"

DEC center: +41° 16' 55"

Pixel scale: 2.604 arcsec/pixel

Orientation: 268.624 degrees

Field radius: 1.864

Locations: Vockenroth, Neuhof, Bayern, Germany

Data source: Traveller


The Andromeda Galaxy with my good old Canon EOS 450da - It's fun ;-).

Object description (
The Andromeda Galaxy (/ænˈdrɒmɪdə/), also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224, is a spiral galaxy approximately 780 kiloparsecs (2.5 million light-years) from Earth, and the nearest major galaxy to the Milky Way. Its name stems from the area of the sky in which it appears, the constellation of Andromeda.

The 2006 observations by the Spitzer Space Telescope revealed that the Andromeda Galaxy contains approximately one trillion stars, more than twice the number of the Milky Way's estimated 200 to 400 billion stars, though a 2018 study found that the Andromeda Galaxy's mass is roughly the same as the Milky Way's. The Andromeda Galaxy's mass is estimated to be around 1.76 times that of the Milky Way Galaxy (~0.8-1.5×1012 solar masses vs the Milky Way's 8.5×1011 solar masses). The Andromeda Galaxy, spanning approximately 220,000 light-years, is the largest galaxy in our Local Group, which is also home to the Triangulum Galaxy and other minor galaxies.

The Milky Way and Andromeda galaxies are expected to collide in ~4.5 billion years, merging to form a giant elliptical galaxy or a large disc galaxy. With an apparent magnitude of 3.4, the Andromeda Galaxy is among the brightest of the Messier objects—making it visible to the naked eye on moonless nights, even when viewed from areas with moderate light pollution.



Thomas Richter
License: None (All rights reserved)


  • Andromeda Galaxy - M31 - DSLR, 


            Thomas Richter
  • Final
    Andromeda Galaxy - M31 - DSLR, 


            Thomas Richter


Improve colour by mixing with data from 2016. M31 from Nuremberg

Sky plot

Sky plot


Andromeda Galaxy - M31 - DSLR, 


            Thomas Richter