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Contains:  Andromeda galaxy, Great Nebula in Andromeda, M 110, M 31, M 32, M110, M31, M32, NGC 205, NGC 221, NGC 224, NGC206
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M31 from the City of Nuremberg, 


            Thomas Richter
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M31 from the City of Nuremberg

Technical card

Imaging telescopes or lenses: Skywatcher Esprit 80 ED Triplet Super Apo

Imaging cameras: Moravian G2-8300FW

Mounts: SkyWatcher NEQ6 Pro Goto

Guiding telescopes or lenses: Viewfinder 8x50

Guiding cameras: Astrolumina Alccd5L-IIc

Focal reducers: Skywatcher Field flattener for Esprit 80mm

Software: PHD2 Guiding  ·  DSS, Fitswork, Gimp

Filters: Baader R 1.25'' CCD Filter  ·  Baader B 1.25'' CCD Filter  ·  Baader G 1.25'' CCD Filter  ·  Baader L 1.25'' Filter  ·  Hutec IDAS LPS-D1

Dates:Oct. 31, 2016

Baader B 1.25'' CCD Filter: 12x300" -20C bin 1x1
Baader G 1.25'' CCD Filter: 9x300" -20C bin 1x1
Baader L 1.25'' Filter: 12x300" -20C bin 1x1
Baader R 1.25'' CCD Filter: 9x300" -20C bin 1x1

Integration: 3.5 hours

Flats: ~25

Bias: ~100

Avg. Moon age: 0.69 days

Avg. Moon phase: 0.53%

Temperature: 2.00 job: 1305136

RA center: 0h 42' 42"

DEC center: +41° 16' 6"

Pixel scale: 2.715 arcsec/pixel

Orientation: 130.562 degrees

Field radius: 1.541 degrees

Resolution: 3279x2442

Locations: Nürnberg, Nürnberg, Bayern, Germany


This picture was taken from my light polluted garden in Nuremberg during Halloween night ;-).
I tried the effectiveness of the IDAS LPS filter which was placed between flattener and camera.
The result is quite good for the light conditions i guess ;-)

Object description (
The Andromeda Galaxy, also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224, is a spiral galaxy approximately 780 kiloparsecs (2.5 million light-years) from Earth. It is the nearest major galaxy to the Milky Way and was often referred to as the Great Andromeda Nebula in older texts. It received its name from the area of the sky in which it appears, the constellation of Andromeda, which was named after the mythological princess Andromeda.

Andromeda is approximately 220,000 light years across, and it is the largest galaxy of the Local Group, which also contains the Milky Way, the Triangulum Galaxy, and other smaller galaxies. Despite earlier findings that suggested that the Milky Way contains more dark matter and could be the largest in the grouping, the 2006 observations by the Spitzer Space Telescope revealed that Andromeda contains one trillion (1012) stars: at least twice the number of stars in the Milky Way, which is estimated to be 200–400 billion. The mass of the Andromeda Galaxy is estimated to be 1.5×1012 solar masses, while the Milky Way is estimated to be 8.5×1011 solar masses.



Thomas Richter
License: None (All rights reserved)


  • M31 from the City of Nuremberg, 


            Thomas Richter
  • M31 from the City of Nuremberg, 


            Thomas Richter
  • Final
    M31 from the City of Nuremberg, 


            Thomas Richter

Sky plot

Sky plot


M31 from the City of Nuremberg, 


            Thomas Richter

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