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Contains:  NGC 3193, NGC 3189, NGC 3190, NGC 3187, NGC 3185
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Hickson 44 Group (Leo Quartet), 


            Kurt Zeppetello
Hickson 44 Group (Leo Quartet)

Hickson 44 Group (Leo Quartet)

Technical card

Resolution: 1943x1388

Dates:April 10, 2018

Frames:Astrodon UV/IR: 57x90" ISO1600

Integration: 1.4 hours

Darks: ~10

Flats: ~15

Bias: ~10

Avg. Moon age: 24.10 days

Avg. Moon phase: 29.81%

Bortle Dark-Sky Scale: 5.00

Temperature: 2.00 job: 2012816

RA center: 154.466 degrees

DEC center: 21.879 degrees

Pixel scale: 1.837 arcsec/pixel

Orientation: 354.599 degrees

Field radius: 0.609 degrees

Locations: Happy Frog Observatory, Monroe, Connecticut, United States

Data source: Backyard


The Hickson 44, after Canadian astronomer Paul Hickson, is a group of gravitational bound four galaxies about 100 million light-years away in constellation Leo. Other names include the Leo Quartet and the NGC 3190 Series. The two spiral galaxies in the center of the cropped image are edge-on NGC 3190 with its distinctive dust lanes, and S-shaped NGC 3187. The bright elliptical galaxy on the upper left is NGC 3193 the spiral in the center lower portion is NGC 3185 (source: APOD). On the wide field image NGC 3221 is visible on the left and NGC 3177 is visible on the lower right portion.

When I imaged NGC 2903 ( five days earlier I thought it would by my limit but it came came out better than I anticipated so I decided on these. I do think these are probably my lower limit. They are small in my ED80 but much to my surprise, there was some detail in the galaxies including the dust lanes in 3190.



Kurt Zeppetello
License: None (All rights reserved)


  • Hickson 44 Group (Leo Quartet), 


            Kurt Zeppetello
  • Final
    Hickson 44 Group (Leo Quartet), 


            Kurt Zeppetello


Cropped for a closer look!

Sky plot

Sky plot


Hickson 44 Group (Leo Quartet), 


            Kurt Zeppetello