Hemisphere:  Northern  ·  Constellation: Cassiopeia (Cas)  ·  Contains:  NGC 281
NGC281 - The Pacman Nebula, 


            Jason Guenzel
NGC281 - The Pacman Nebula
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NGC281 - The Pacman Nebula

NGC281 - The Pacman Nebula, 


            Jason Guenzel
NGC281 - The Pacman Nebula
Powered byPixInsight

NGC281 - The Pacman Nebula


Imaging Telescopes Or Lenses
Celestron EdgeHD 8"
Imaging Cameras
ZWO ASI1600MM-Cool
Orion Atlas Pro AZ/EQ-G
Astronomik H-alpha 6nm CCD 1.25" · Astronomik OIII 6nm CCD 1.25" · Astronomik SII 6nm CCD 1.25" · Astronomik ProPlanet 742 IR-pass 1.25"
Moonlite CHL 2.5" Large Format Crayford Edge Focuser · Orion Thin Off-Axis Guider (TOAG) · Celestron 0.7x Focal Reducer
Sequence Generator Pro · Adobe Photoshop · PHD 2
Guiding Telescopes Or Lenses
Celestron EdgeHD 8"
Guiding Cameras

Acquisition details

July 27, 2018 ·  July 28, 2018 ·  July 29, 2018 ·  July 31, 2018 ·  Aug. 9, 2018 ·  Aug. 23, 2018 ·  Aug. 24, 2018 ·  Sept. 5, 2018 ·  Sept. 12, 2018 ·  Sept. 13, 2018 ·  Sept. 17, 2018 ·  Sept. 18, 2018 ·  Sept. 20, 2018 ·  Sept. 21, 2018 ·  Sept. 22, 2018 ·  Sept. 23, 2018
Astronomik H-alpha 6nm CCD 1.25": 184x240" (12h 16') (gain: 139.00) -20°C bin 1x1
Astronomik OIII 6nm CCD 1.25": 118x240" (7h 52') (gain: 139.00) -20°C bin 1x1
Astronomik ProPlanet 742 IR-pass 1.25": 77x240" (5h 8') (gain: 139.00) -20°C bin 1x1
Astronomik SII 6nm CCD 1.25": 127x240" (8h 28') (gain: 139.00) -20°C bin 1x1
33h 44'
Avg. Moon age:
13.28 days
Avg. Moon phase:
Bortle Dark-Sky Scale:

Basic astrometry details

Astrometry.net job: 2337001

RA center: 00h53m09s.8

DEC center: +56°3712

Pixel scale: 0.525 arcsec/pixel

Orientation: 90.794 degrees

Field radius: 0.426 degrees

Resolution: 4656x3520

Data source: Backyard


The Pacman Nebula, NGC281, is an emission nebula about 10,000 light years away in the constellation of Cassiopeia. The nickname is due to its wide-field resemblance to the Pacman video game character. Though, high magnification and deeper exposures tend to wash that resemblance away. The nebula is home to many Bok globule dust clouds which are likely still forming stars.

While it took me a good while to circle back around to processing this image, I was able to combine all the data I collected on it. In total, the integration topped 33 hours. I think many astrophotographers would immediately notice this looks a bit different than a standard "Hubble Palette" SHO mix. The twist here was the inclusion of near infrared (NIR) data. The NIR was shot through an Astronomik IR pass filter designed for planetary use. The filter cuts on at 742nm. Since modern CMOS astro cameras only have limited sensitivity to IR wavelengths, it really took narrowband style exposures to bring the signal out. Still, this channel was the weakest of the four used in the image.

The color mix:


Green: Ha

Blue: OIII

The final mix was color shifted a bit to remove the predominant green cast. I was pleased to see that NIR did show some reddish nebulosity in areas not usually seen in this nebula. It worked! Interestingly, the brightest of these spots is within a major dust lane of the nebula. I can only suppose that there are some concealed stars behind this dust, but that is only a guess. It also contributed to the purple tones in the core of the nebula.

Enjoy a different spin on a common target.



    NGC281 - The Pacman Nebula, 


            Jason Guenzel
  • Final
    NGC281 - The Pacman Nebula, 


            Jason Guenzel


Description: Desaturate the deep background.

Uploaded: ...

Sky plot

Sky plot


NGC281 - The Pacman Nebula, 


            Jason Guenzel