Celestial hemisphere:  Northern  ·  Constellation: Cepheus (Cep)  ·  Contains:  Erakis  ·  PK100+04.1  ·  The star Garnet Star (μCep)  ·  mu. Cep
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Garnet Star- μ Cep, 



    
        

            Mirko M
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Garnet Star- μ Cep

Getting plate-solving status, please wait...
Garnet Star- μ Cep, 



    
        

            Mirko M
Powered byPixInsight

Garnet Star- μ Cep

Acquisition details

Dates:
July 4, 2019
Frames:
Baader Planetarium Oiii 8.5 nm 2”: 20×300(1h 40′) (gain: 139.00) -20°C bin 1×1
Ha 7 nm: 30×300(2h 30′) (gain: 139.00) -20°C bin 1×1
Integration:
4h 10′
Darks:
10
Flats:
30
Bias:
30
Avg. Moon age:
1.91 days
Avg. Moon phase:
4.06%

RA center: 21h42m37s.151

DEC center: +58°2820.82

Pixel scale: 0.912 arcsec/pixel

Orientation: 87.357 degrees

Field radius: 0.732 degrees

More info:Open 

Resolution: 4618x3473

File size: 7.2 MB

Locations: Frazier Park, Frazier Park, CA, United States

Data source: Traveller

Description

The bright star on the right is known as the Garnet Star or officially known as Mu Cephi, or μ Cep . This star is also a supergiant, and is one of the largest and brightest stars visible not only to the naked eye but in the entire Galaxy. Its distance is not very well known. Parallax measurements and distance estimates in the scientific literature give values between 390 and 1,600 parsec. But even at its great (uncertain) distance, μ Cep is big enough to show a measurable angular diameter, around 0.02" - equivalent to approximately 1,420 times the size of our Sun, or about 15 Times the distance from earth to sun across.

This means that if put in place of the Sun, μ Cep would extend midway between the orbits of Jupiter and Saturn. It could fit over 1 billion suns into its body. Only five known stars (VY Canis Majoris, KW Sagitarii, KY Cygni, V354 Cephei and VV Cephei) are believed to be larger than it. In visible light, μ Cep is 38,000 times brighter than the Sun, with an absolute magnitude of -7.0. Including infrared radiation and interstellar dust extinction gives it a luminosity around 350,000 suns, making μ Cep one of the most luminous stars known. The region surrounding μ Cep is part of the greater IC1396 cloud complex known for the very popular elephant trunk nebula. This image was taken July 4th using narrowband filters Ha and Oiii. 2hr 40min, and 1hr 40min respectively with 5 minute exposures at gain of 139. The camera used (an asi 1600) is known to cause lensing artifacts at these focal lengths (F7) which in this case, I dont mind. I like to think It’s the star flexing its muscles! 💪🏼

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Garnet Star- μ Cep, 



    
        

            Mirko M