Hemisphere:  Northern  ·  Constellation: Perseus (Per)  ·  Contains:  7 chi Per  ·  Double cluster  ·  Misam  ·  NGC 869  ·  NGC 884  ·  NGC869  ·  NGC884  ·  PGC2564735  ·  PGC2797015  ·  The star 7Per
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NGC884 NGC869 Perseus Double Cluster, 


            Jerry Macon
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NGC884 NGC869 Perseus Double Cluster

Getting plate-solving status, please wait...
NGC884 NGC869 Perseus Double Cluster, 


            Jerry Macon
Powered byPixInsight

NGC884 NGC869 Perseus Double Cluster

Imaging telescopes or lenses: Tele Vue NP127is  ·  Orion Optics UK AG12

Imaging cameras: ZWO ASI 183 MM pro  ·  ZWO ASI1600MM-Cool

Mounts: Paramount MEII with Absolute Encoders

Guiding telescopes or lenses: Orion Optics UK AG12

Software: PixInsight 1.8  ·  PHD Guiding 2

Filters: Astrodon Gen 2 LRGB 36mm

Accessory: Gerd Neumann Flat Panel

Dates:Nov. 10, 2019Nov. 11, 2019

Astrodon Gen 2 L 36mm: 51x120" (gain: 99.00) -12C bin 1x1
Astrodon Gen 2 RGB 36mm: 81x120" (gain: 99.00) -16C bin 1x1

Integration: 4.4 hours

Avg. Moon age: 13.28 days

Avg. Moon phase: 97.29%

Bortle Dark-Sky Scale: 4.00

Astrometry.net job: 3073491

RA center: 2h 20' 26"

DEC center: +57° 10' 5"

Pixel scale: 0.701 arcsec/pixel

Orientation: -177.942 degrees

Field radius: 0.560 degrees

Resolution: 4580x3484

Data source: Own remote observatory

Remote source: Non-commercial independent facility


Images from the following two scopes (piggybacked) contributed to this image:
AG12+ASI1600MM at .70 asec/pix (L)
TV127is+ASI183MM at .75 asec/pix. (RGB)
They were all registered to the best R image taken on the AG12.
This image was unguided.

The Double Cluster, or Caldwell 14, is the name for two open clusters – NGC 869 and NGC 884 – located close together in Perseus constellation. Also known as h Persei and χ Persei (h and Chi Persei), the clusters both lie at an approximate distance of 7,600 light years from Earth and are about 12.8 million years old.
The Double Cluster occupies a total area of 60 arc minutes of apparent sky, which is twice the size of a full Moon. Individually, the clusters have a mass of 3,700 solar masses (NGC 869) and 2,800 solar masses (NGC 884), but as each cluster is surrounded by an extended halo of stars, the total mass of the Double Cluster is at least 20,000 solar masses. The two clusters are separated by only hundreds of light years.

Each cluster contains 300 to 400 stars and the brightest stars shine at 7th magnitude. The westernmost cluster, NGC 869, appears slightly brighter, richer and more compact than NGC 884.

At the age of 12.8 million years, the clusters are relatively young. In comparison, the Pleiades cluster (Messier 45) has an estimated age between 75 and 150 million years. If the Double Cluster were as close to us as the Pleiades (444 light years), it would occupy a quarter of the northern sky and contain some of the brightest stars visible from Earth.

Each cluster contains more than 300 blue-white supergiants and their hottest stars on the main sequence belong to the spectral class B0. Both clusters contain a significant number of bright, young O and B-type stars.

Both clusters are blueshifted: NGC 869 is approaching us at a speed of 39 km/s, while NGC 884 is moving in Earth’s direction at 38 km/s.

The Double Cluster has been known since ancient times, but first catalogued only around 130 BC, when the Greek astronomer Hipparchos mentioned it as a “nebula” or “cloudy spot” in his writings. Ptolemy listed the cluster as of the seven “nebulosities” in his Almagest. It was not until much later that the cluster’s true nature was recognized, after the invention of the telescope in the early 17th century. Charles Messier did not include the cluster in his catalogue, but it is listed in the Caldwell catalogue of deep sky objects not included in the Messier catalogue. German-British astronomer William Herschel was the first to recognize that the object in fact consisted of two separate clusters.

In mythology, the Double Cluster represents the jewelled handle of Perseus’ sword, given to the hero by the gods, along with a shield and a helmet, to help him in his challenges.


Sky plot

Sky plot


NGC884 NGC869 Perseus Double Cluster, 


            Jerry Macon