Celestial hemisphere:  Northern  ·  Constellation: Perseus (Per)  ·  Contains:  PK158+00.1  ·  Sh2-216
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Planetary nebula Sh2-216/LBN744/PNG158.5+00.7/PK158+00.1 (c-lsho), 



    
        

            Ram Samudrala
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Planetary nebula Sh2-216/LBN744/PNG158.5+00.7/PK158+00.1 (c-lsho)

Getting plate-solving status, please wait...
Planetary nebula Sh2-216/LBN744/PNG158.5+00.7/PK158+00.1 (c-lsho), 



    
        

            Ram Samudrala
Powered byPixInsight

Planetary nebula Sh2-216/LBN744/PNG158.5+00.7/PK158+00.1 (c-lsho)

Acquisition details

Dates:
Nov. 4, 2020 ·  Nov. 6, 2020 ·  Nov. 7, 2020 ·  Nov. 8, 2020 ·  Nov. 9, 2020 ·  Nov. 10, 2020 ·  Nov. 12, 2020
Frames:
Astrodon Ha 1.25 5nm: 174×420(20h 18′) (gain: 200.00) -15°C bin 1×1
Astrodon OIII 1.25 3nm: 129×420(15h 3′) (gain: 200.00) -15°C bin 1×1
Astrodon SII 31mm 3nm: 116×420(13h 32′) (gain: 200.00) -15°C bin 1×1
Integration:
48h 53′
Darks:
60
Avg. Moon age:
22.17 days
Avg. Moon phase:
49.91%
Bortle Dark-Sky Scale:
3.00
Mean FWHM:
2.00
Temperature:
5.00

RA center: 04h41m54s.67

DEC center: +46°3344.2

Pixel scale: 2.312 arcsec/pixel

Orientation: 1.549 degrees

Field radius: 1.869 degrees

More info:Open 

Resolution: 4644x3506

File size: 12.4 MB

Data source: Backyard

Description

Sh2-216 is one of the closest planetary nebulae to us, with a distance of 420 light years. It is also one of the largest in terms of appearance from us because of its closeness, taking up most of the frame of my SV70T scope (reduced), with actual estimated dimensions ranging from 9-30 light years. The nebula is estimated to be 600,000 years old, formed out of the remnants of a white dwarf.

Sh2-216 is a very faint object but I managed to get a decent amount of data to ensure that the filaments and background is sufficiently highlighted. The nebula is rich in O3 and S2 signal which mapped to blue and red appear as a diffuse multicoloured background overlaid by a green and yellow Ha streaks. The combination ended up looking like a surreal/psychedelic rainbow coloured candy.

In most of my narrowband images, I tend to do a SCNR to make the image bicolour or at least reduce the green since that is mapped to the Ha data which can be overwhelming. In this case, I just left things as is after the SHO mapping to RGB so you can see all the colours of the rainbow here. The image based on using the Ha data for the luminance turned out the best in my view; the SHO image alone (without any luminance) also looked decent but the blues didn't stand out as much, so I went with the former. The final image processed using TopazStudio 2 tends to stand out a bit more than the one done using PixInsight alone. It's not just the saturation boost but a lot of things the software does under the hood that tweak it so slightly and move the image from being a fair representation of the data (which is found in the PixInsight image and is pretty decent by itself in my opinion) to something even more artistic.

As always, thanks for looking!

P.S:  One of my other images with extensive Topaz Studio 2 processing (Jellyfish Nebula) was selected as the first place winner in the 2021 International Wiki Science Competition in the astronomy category. Two other images were runners-up (Heart nebulaSharpless 216). Two other images were runners-up (Heart nebulaSharpless 216). This was also reported on FacebookInstagramTwitter, and LinkedIn. Previously, the Jellyfish Nebula was honoured with the Jury's Prize in the 2021 National Wiki Science competition in the astronomy category and will be selected to represent the US in the International Competition along with three other images that were also selected as finalists (Heart nebulaSharpless 216NGC 7822).

Comments

Revisions

  • Planetary nebula Sh2-216/LBN744/PNG158.5+00.7/PK158+00.1 (c-lsho), 



    
        

            Ram Samudrala
    Original
  • Planetary nebula Sh2-216/LBN744/PNG158.5+00.7/PK158+00.1 (c-lsho), 



    
        

            Ram Samudrala
    B
  • Final
    Planetary nebula Sh2-216/LBN744/PNG158.5+00.7/PK158+00.1 (c-lsho), 



    
        

            Ram Samudrala
    C

B

Description: PixInsight processing only.

Uploaded: ...

C

Description: Includes Topaz Studio 2 processing.

Uploaded: ...

Sky plot

Sky plot

Histogram

Planetary nebula Sh2-216/LBN744/PNG158.5+00.7/PK158+00.1 (c-lsho), 



    
        

            Ram Samudrala